More than a thousand species of plants are found in and around the Grand Teton National Park and are generally classified into the following communities – the plants in the Alpine Areas, the Forests, the Wetlands and Riparian Corridors and the Sagebrush Flats.
Plant growth is largely dependent upon the environmental changes, soil conditions, level of moisture in the air and the slope, elevation and aspect of the area they are growing and that’s why there is a diverse variety of vascular plants found in the different areas of the entire Grand Teton region. Moisture loving plants such as Cottonwood and Willows are generally found along the Snake River, whose wet and mossy soil also provides ideal growing conditions to Sedge, several types of Grasses and Wild Flowers.
Big Leaf Sagebrush blankets the flat valley floor at Jackson Hole, while larger trees such as Conifers are usually seen in the sloped canyons and mountainside ridges whose soil is capable of holding moisture for a longer time. On the other side of the park where the high alpine ranges are dominated by harsh climatic conditions, snow, lack of soil and increased UV radiation, only a few plants survive – the alpine forget me not is an exception in this case which adapts to these conditions well and grows in close-knit mats near the ground. Owing to the natural diversity of the region, nature lovers will be enthralled to see the versatile forms of vegetation, trees and shrubs as well as mosses, liverworts, ferns and lichens in the area.